In this edition of Between Two Nerds Tom Uren and The Grugq contrast between different cyber operations that occurred in 2016. In one, US Cyber Command used cyber operations to attack ISIS’ propaganda operations. In the other, Russian cyber operators interfered with US Presidential elections. US action was tightly scoped, measurable and an underwhelming success, whereas Russian activity was nebulous and hard to measure but could have changed the course of the election.